Sleep apnea is a respiratory disorder in which breathing is suddenly interrupted when the patient sleeps. These sudden interruptions can last a few seconds or minutes and can be repeated about 30 times per hour (depending on each patient). Apnea is usually accompanied by snoring and causes discomfort for the patient. Obesity is usually the most common cause.
The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea. This apnea causes a collapse in the airways and ends with snoring or snoring during sleep.
“Sleep apnea affects between 1 and 6% of adults”, WHO.
“Sleep apnea is a respiratory condition that affects from 1% to 6% of adults”, according to the WHO. “Up to 24% of men aged 30 to 60 years had obstructive sleep apnea,” according to the study by Nicholas J Kassebaum.
Sleep apnea causes fragmented sleep and hypoxemia (abnormal decrease in partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood). It can cause excessive drowsiness during the day and has recently been associated with hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, strokes, diabetes, poor cognitive function and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Can the dentist help in cases of sleep apnea?
Yes. In certain cases of obstructive apnea and snoring, the dentist can help the patient with systems such as the intraoral device that allows you to sleep properly during sleep.
The system consists of two splints joined together by a system that advances slightly and in a controlled way the jaw in order to avoid obstruction of the respiratory tract. It is self-adjustable, adjustable to the millimeter and comfortable. It allows the mobility of the mouth laterally and mandibular advancement.
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